La lingua piemontese (Italian Edition)
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Will Standard Italian gain ground on these particular dialects? Or not? It's the same with Standard German! It's like an artificial language that noone really cares about, and in my opinion the dialects are more worth preserving! But when I watch Italian Tv stations, everyone speaks with the accent: Milan accent seems to be predominant Milan is Italian capital city of wealth and business, but their accent is not standard. But, most Tv stations in Italy are from North where the standard accent is not spoken so some important things from standard Italian language - like double consonants, closed and open vowels are brutally neglected.
Hutch, Standard Italian, as any other literary language will not only continue to live, but it will always evolve, it will became stronger. Standard language is the language of writers, scientists, philosophers etc. It is in a direct relation with education.
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Unlike years ago,the today's worker needs to know how to operate his sophisticated equipment; a peasant needs to understand his COMBINE and other specific tools as well. Nothing in the world of today, nor in the world of tomorrow will give people access to equipments, computers utilisation or sciences and so on, assimilation without using the standard languages for learning. That's valuable for any country and for Italy as well.
If a Sicilian peasant wants to know how to use his chainsaw, he has to read the instructions and these instructions will always be written in Standard Italian Nobody, manufacturers, writers or scientists will ever write instructions, books using dialects.
It is not efficient, it will cost a lot of money to write something in each country's dialect nor useful. Preserving dialects is important as part of our heritage; It has to be treated exactly like any other tradition what we try to preserve but nothing more! That's what I think about this subject! Take care! Kelly, it is true, the accents might show some deviations from the standard of a language but this doesn't means that the people who speak the standard language don't understand what a person form Milan is saying.
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The accent will always be there in majority of standard languages but it will not change the language structure, words building or anything else Fri Apr 13, pm GMT. Io lo trovo assai normale. Le lingue sono organismi vivi e, per questa ragione, seguono un'evoluzione. Within the English-speaking world this distinction between primary and secondary dialects is very visible in Scotland: Scots is a primary dialect, and Scottish English a secondary dialect. What makes the Italian situation messy is that primary and secondary dialects coexist in much of Italy, mutually influencing one another a great deal.
Romanesco, the vernacular of Rome, is such a secondary dialect: historically Romanesco is a variety of Tuscan transplanted in Rome starting in the late Middle Ages. Huh, I did not know that! Are there any survivals of the earlier form of Italian spoken there? Thanks for an enlightening comment. Within the English-speaking world this distinction between primary and secondary dialects is very visible.
Indeed, every dialect outside Britain is a secondary dialect, but there has also been a lot of dialect mixing: American English is la lingua irlandese in bocca tedesca. Well, impressionistic. There are lexical features shared with Scots, Ulster Scots, and Hiberno-English, along with shared primitive characters like rhoticity. And I suspect the lesser tendency to reduce vowels especially in suffixes like -tory has something to do with people who learned English partly from books, of whom the Germans would be the longest-resident.
My impression is different. Such things happen in words of three or more syllables, which are apparently too long for English. The final vowel of the last is totally reduced. I suspect the lesser tendency to reduce vowels especially in suffixes like -tory has something to do with people who learned English partly from books, of whom the Germans would be the longest-resident. The only other example I can think of that varies along the same lines is -mony in words with primary stress on the preantepenult, such as ceremony, testimony, parsimony. There are a great many words in English with two fully unstressed syllables in a row, like general and definite.
The whole notion of Standard Average European becomes hard to take seriously if, instead of the major standard languages of Western Europe, the smaller languages and more isolated primary dialects are examined…. It is a different phenomenon. In some words, e. Ant is historically a syncopated doublet of emmet.
Etienne: Haspelmath suggests these features as defining the SAE Sprachbund slightly abbreviated here :. It would be interesting to know which European languages, or primary dialects, lack these features. The Celtic languages are outside the Sprachbund , and North Germanic and Balto-Slavic are peripheral members, but Hungarian is a full member.
Etienne: The whole notion of Standard Average European becomes hard to take seriously if, instead of the major standard languages of Western Europe, the smaller languages and more isolated primary dialects are examined…. I find that perfectly logical.
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The regular multi-lingual communication through which grammatical and syntactical features have been exchanged on a European level is much more likely to happen through the Dachsprache — or through written texts. Conservative dialects, or conservative registers of dialects, are varieties that we already know that for some reason or other have been resistant to influence of the Dachsprache. Ooh, a wonderful example of both! Yes and no. Well, Haspelmath has also written much about how SAE is a matter of concentric circles, with northern French and southern German generally sharing the most features even beyond this list: e.
It comes from PGmc. The further evolution of ants in English dialects was multidirectional, depending on the relative chronology of vowel shifts and syncope. In any case, the pont of the twelve features is not that every language in the Sprachbund has them, but that only a few scattered languages outwith the group have them.
There are additional common but not really diagnostic features at WP.
The neck to him [Finn MacCool] was as the bole of a great oak, knotted and seized together with muscle-humps and carbuncles of tangled sinew, the better for good feasting and contending with the bards. The chest to him was wider than the poles of a good chariot, coming now out, now in, and pastured from chin to navel with meadows of black man-hair and meated with layers of fine man-meat the better to hide his bones and fashion the semblance of his twin bubs. The arms to him were like the necks of beasts, ball-swollen with their bunched-up brawnstrings and blood-veins, the better for harping and hunting and contending with the bards.
Three fifties of fosterlings could engage with handball against the wideness of his backside, which was wide enough to halt the march of warriors through a mountain-pass.
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All of this is certainly not English, not even Hiberno-English, but it is perfectly clear. My impression is actually that what little there is of it has been waning these last few turbulent years. But I was actually thinking of the way Western Europeans view their European identity. A certain 11th c.
Piotr, thanks a lot! It may even be publishable. Agreement involves more than mere articles, and indeed some of these dialects are very interesting for scholars interested in past participle agreement, because these dialects often have separate mass neuter and masculine singular forms of the past participle. Finally, I guess I should leave this remark on the other thread, but I am feeling lazy today: you had mentioned the remarkable fact that it is in Estonia that we find the highest concentration of Yamnaya genes: well, have a look at this-.
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